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Aside

Unit 21 – Imports & Exports Data Interpretation

Difficulty: Medium/Hard
Time: 4 minutes 30 seconds

 

Two companies, A and B, import raw materials and manufacture them into products. These products are then immediately exported to a wholesale distribution company. Below is a graph of the ratio of the value (measured in money) of Exports to Imports.

Graph of Companies A & B, ratio of exports to imports

 

1.   Which of the following best explains the data presented for company A between 1997   and 1998?

  • A      Demand for their products rose internationally
  • B      Demand for their products rose locally
  • C      They imported significantly more raw materials than in the previous year
  • D      They bought some of their raw materials locally

 

2. During how many years were the exports more than the imports for both companies?

  • A      0
  • B      1
  • C      2
  • D      4

 

3. Which of the following information cannot be determined from the above graph?

  • A      The value of product produced per unit value of raw material
  • B      The years each company spent the most on imports
  • C      The average ratio of exports to imports over 6 years for Company A
  • D      The average ratio of imports to exports over 6 years for Company B

 

  • Q1: C
    The measurement on the x-axis is a ratio of Exports to Imports. This means that if the number is 2, the ratio is 2:1, and this means that there were twice as many exports as imports. The ratio can be reduced by either decreasing the exports or increasing the imports. B, local demand increasing for the products would most likely result in the company shipping more locally (and most likely having to import more materials to meet this new local demand) but, given the amount of assumptions we have to make to justify this as an explanation, C is better.

    Q2: A
    If the exports are more than the imports the number on the x-axis should be positive. In which year did both companies both have a positive ratio? The answer is never. The best was 1, which is that the exports = imports.

    Q3: B
    According to the text above the graph, the ratio is a measure of the value of the exports compared to the value of the imports. If the ratio is 2:1, we know that for every unit value of imported material, the company exports twice that value. Answer A is simply a para-phrasal of the above information. C is easily calculated by adding the 6 years together and dividing by 6 to get the average. D is calculated similarly, though the resulting ratio then needs to be inverted. B cannot be determined without knowing the value of the exports and we are only given the relative value of the imports.

    Gamsat Sample Questions

    June 1, 2012

  • Apologies if this is obvious, but I thought for example, 1.25 and above were a positive ratios?

    Tom

    September 14, 2012

  • yeah 1.25 would be a positive ratio. There’s no recorded year, however, where both companies simultaneously saw positive ratios

    Gamsat Sample Questions

    September 22, 2012

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